Fluid dynamics is a broad research topic which encompasses a very wide range of applications and research techniques.
Fluids include both gases and liquids, and problems of interest within this CDT range in length scale from micrometres (e.g. ink-jet print heads) through to thousand of kilometres (e.g. atmospheric flows), with almost everything in between.
Research techniques that are applied, and developed, encompass: mathematical modelling & theory; numerical methods, CFD & high performance computing (HPC); imaging techniques; and measurement & experimentation.
Engineering application areas that are covered include: reacting flows; carbon capture, transport & storage; flow of polymer melts; mixing problems; particulate flows; coating & deposition; lubrication; medical devices; pathogen control; cardiovascular flow; heat transport; wind turbines; fluid-structure interaction; and nuclear safety.
Environmental application areas include: groundwater flow; river/estuary flows; tidal flows; oceanography; atmospheric pollution; weather forecasting; climate modelling; dynamics of the Earth’s interior; and solar and planetary flow problems.